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Information Related to the Cultivation of Sapodilla in India

by Guest Writer

Sapodilla is a horticultural crop which is cultivated for its delicious fruit. And because of this, chikoo consumption is beneficial for the human body. There is a special kind of sweetness in chikoo, and it is helpful to eat it with any disease. Its consumption relieves stress, anaemia, piles and stomach-related diseases and relieves chronic cough by expelling phlegm and mucus from the respiratory system. If its plants get a proper environment, they can give fruits twice a year. And for its farming Mahindra 555 tractor model is best because it comes in an economical price range. 

Climate and Temperature 

The chikoo plant has a tropical climate, which needs humid and dry weather to grow. Its crop can be produced quickly, even 1000 meters above sea level. The sapota plant develops well in the summer season. Chiku should not be cultivated in cold climates where it is cold for a long time. Its plants require an average of 150 to 200 cm of rain annually. 

Sapodilla plants require average temperatures to grow in the beginning, and fully grown plants can tolerate a maximum temperature of 40 and a minimum of 10 degrees Celsius. The climate with 70 percent humidity is suitable for its cultivation.

Field Preparation

Before growing the chikoo crop, the field’s old crop residues must be destroyed. After this, soil-turning ploughs are used to plough the field. After this, a rotavator makes the field’s soil flexible. Then this, level the land by putting a pat. So that there is no water logging problem in the area during the rainy season.

Sapodilla plants are planted in the prepared pits in the field. For this, pits are made in the area. A one-meter wide and two feet bottomless pit is prepared on the flat land to make pits. These pits are ready in a row, where a distance of 5 to 6 meters is kept from row to row. These pits must be prepared one month before planting sapota plants.

Fertiliser 

Common fertiliser is required in the field of Sapodilla. Mix the quantity well and fill it. This amount of fertiliser has to be given for the first two years, and the proportion of the amount of fertiliser is increased with the growth of the plant. After this, when the plant is fully developed for 15 years, then 25 kg organic manure and 3 kg super phosphate, 1 kg urea and 2 kg potash must be given twice a year. In addition, spreading fertiliser implements are used and for handling equipment Massey 7250 tractor model is excellent and robust. And it offers outstanding performance in the fields. 

Planting Method 

The saplings are transplanted in the form of seedlings prepared in the nursery. Plants are planted in the fields prepared one month in advance. Make a small pit in the middle of these pits and grow the plants. Before planting the plants, the pits are treated with cow urine or Bavistin. So that the plants can develop properly. After planting the plants in the pits, the stems are covered with soil. It is best to plant its plants in the rainy season because the plants get the proper environment to grow during this time. During this, transplanting of plants should be done from June to July. Apart from this, plants can be planted after March in places with proper irrigation systems.

Irrigation     

Sapodilla trees do not require much water. Fully matured sapota plants have to rinse 7 to 8 in a year. Then, a plate is made to give water to its tree. This plate is made by making a circular circle around the plant’s stem two feet away.

Irrigation is done in 10 to 15 days in winter, and water should be given once a week in the summer season. More water is needed if the plants are planted in sandy loam soil. During this, it is advisable to water the plants twice a week in summer. Water the plants only when there is no time in the rainy season.

Weed Control  

Natural methods are used for weed control in Sapodilla plants. About 20 to 25 days after transplanting, do light hoeing in the field. Fully mature plants require only three to four hoeings per year. Apart from this, ploughing should be done with a power tiller to prevent weeds in the vacant land when the soil becomes dry after rain.

Harvesting 

Sapodilla plants give yields throughout the year, but in November and December, flowers appear on the plants as the main crop, which gets ready for harvesting from May. About 7 months after the flowers bloom, the fruits begin to ripen. When its fruits ripen from green to brown, they harvest and send them to sell in the market.

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